Maintaining Death Penalty In Indonesia
Capital punishment has been designated an “alternative sentence” in the Criminal Code revision bill currently awaiting passage in the House of Representatives, in a compromise to appease both public opinion and human rights groups.
Under President Joko Widodo’s administration, 18 death row inmates, all of whom were convicted a drug-related crimes were excecuted. Fifteen of the 10 executed were foreigners.
However, despite condemnation from both foreign and domestic human rights groups, capital punishment remains highly popular in Indonesia. According to a 2015 Indo Barometer survey, 84.9% of Indonesians approved of sentencing drug dealers to death, while a 2016 Kompas survey showed that 89.3% approved of the death sentences for terrorists. In the current legal system, a death sentence can only be changed through the Supreme Court (MA) or through presidential clemency.
There are still many crimes that are eligible for the death penalty that do not meet the criteria set out in the UN’s International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
The ICCPR states that the death penalty should be restricted to only the “most serious crimes”, which have been defined as “intentional crimes with lethal consequences”. The bill, in contrast, allows capital punishment for treason, corruption and drug-related crimes.
Basically, capital punishment is allowed in the Quran, and some lawmakers saw the abolition of the death penalty as a refutation of Islamic teachings. Politically, in Indonesia at this time, it does not seem possible to abolish the death penalty entirely.
Reminding about the spread of drugs, terrorists, corruption and other extra ordinary crimes and also teaching about drug dealers, corrupter, terrorist ect have been obdurate to violate and challenge our national law and endangering Indonesian youth millenial future, the government must have implemented and maintained the capital punishment or death penalty in Indonesia.
If the government has given the entirely abolishment on all of extra ordinary crimes such as corruption, terrorist, separatist and drug dealers-related crimes, its could be given a chance and expedite their operations in Indonesia and if its happened, the future of youth generation and the existency of the Unitary State of Indonesia would be murky and collapsed.
I think the implementation of the death penalty or capital punishment to drug dealers, corrupter, terrorist and other extra ordinary crimes players must be maintained to protect the future of Indonesian youth generation. Hopefully.
*) Bayu Kusuma, Strategic Assessment journalist. Lives in South Jakarta.