Psychological Warfare To Disintegrate The Indonesian Unity
The Background Story.
Recently (August 2017) in the You Tube of Internet there was the information on the review of the conflict of idea and confrontation between Lt Gen.Prabowo (Commander of Kostrad) and Gen. Wiranto (Commander of TNI) concerning the handling of the security situation in Jakarta in 1998.
The review of the respective history has been mainly focused on the decision of President BJ Habibie to cancel the job of Lt Gen. Prabowo as Commander of Kostrad and the dismissal of Lt Gen. Prabowo from the Army as the response to the demand of the Officer Honorary Council (Dewan Kehormatan Perwra ) led by Lt Gen. Susilo Bambang Yudhono (1998).
Definitely the review on the history on the conflict between those high level TNI leaders in the You Tube was responded by Maj Gen Kivlan Zen, the former Chief of Staff of Kostrad when Kostrad was led by Lt Gen. Prabowo. In his statement May Gen Kivlan Zen said that Gen Prabowo did not make mistake in his prediction on the security situation of Jakarta, but Gen. Wiranto as the Commander of TNI at that time (1998)to be the actor who was in fact organizing the riot. This statement was published in the printed social media to reject the publication of You Tube.
Another media was adding actually Lt Gen. Prabowo, Gen. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Gen. Wiranto to be actually the class mate when they were in the National Military Academy in Magelang but with different record.
The review of the old record on the story of the internal conflict of the TNI Leadership in 1998 in You Tube after almost twenty years later has been surprising. A number of retired TNI and Army Officers un officially were of the opinion the review of the story of the famous conflict among those high level of TNI leadership in the You Tube to be believed definitely created by a certain group of the enemy of the Republic of Indonesia or those which do not like those respective General to re-unite again. SBY as the Chairman of Democratic Party, Prabowo as the Chairman of Gerindra Party and Wiranto as the Coordinating Mnister of Political, Law and Security Affairs was the former leader of Hanura Party.
They realize that they should communicate and to coordinate with each other to calm down the heating political situation. On the contrary the objective of those group who review the old story of those conflicting generals in the You Tube to be definitely the effort to destroy the unity among the Indonesian nations and the Army Retired Officers who are active to lead the political parties. The review of the old story on official conflict between Lt Gen. Prabowo (as Commander of Kostrad) and Gen Wiranto (as Commandr of TNI) and Lt Gen SBY (Chief Staff on Socialand Political Affairs of TNI Headquaters) happened in 1998 is predicted as the effort to play off those former high ranking TNI leadership and various political groups in the Indonesian nation now.
Incidentally Lt Gen Prabowo is the only potential rival of President Jokowi in the Presidential Election in 2019. Gen Wiranto is considered as the strong supporter of President Jokowi since he was the Chairman of Hanura Party. Apparently Gen Prabowo has shown his mature political leadership and no impact likely affected by the review of those past history. He kept quiet he realized this is the political and psychological warfare as the mean to downgrade his political reputation.
Psychological Warfare of the Potential Enemy.
The expose of this very new background stories are expected to awake up the people of this country that the Psychological Warfare is one of the sharp weapons faced by the people of Indonesia to defense and to protect the Indonesian unity.
The review of the past history concerning the conflict among those important Army Generals (1998) involving Gen Prabowo, Gen Wiranto and Gen SBY is not the only surprised information reviewed in the You Tube of Internet to day (2017).
The issue released by Novel Baswedan that in the attack using chemical liquid on his face to be involved one Police General has also appeared in You Tube (July-August 2017) with the picture of one the famous Police General but without mentioning the name. This kind of crazy information are apparently not new in the You Tube. It has been long time many complaints to have been raised why that kind of public presentation could happen openly without any Government preventive action.
Recently likely based on intensive investigation the Police says that it is strongly indicating now that a business Syndicate called “Saracen” has been active in distributing various hoax news, hated statement and false information created by various group of persons to be spread out among the society using the modern technical equipment on publication namely the cyber technology such as You Tube. The hoax, hated speech and false information have been distributed and to be definitely intended to play off groups of Indonesian society based on the Tribe diversity, different character of among the religion, race and various groups in the society.
The business Syndicate of “Saracen” in its activity to publish and to distribute the hoax, hated statement or false information among the society “Saracen” were asking the Sponsor or the User of the hoax and the hated statement the big many for the reward. This indication tend to be temporarily concluded by the Police as if the activity of the Syndicate of “Saracen” is a business activity.
However political and security analysis tend to conclude this psychological warfare of activity is the embryo of the “subversive activity” to weaken and to disintegrate the Country of Indonesia. This activity is definitely should be demolished and to be forbidden applied in Indonesia.
Analysis tend to conclude the chain of this business operation is comprising of :
@ The manager who run the Cyber Organization of Saracen included its background idea and its Brain Master .@ Cyber Unit infra structures such as You Tube, Face Book utilized by this group. @The Sponsor or the User or to be definitely the groups of the potential enemy of the Country of Indonesia. @ The Collector of Hoax and false issdue requested by the Sponsors. Some analyst also called the “Buzzer” it is likely similar to the Sponsor and the collector of the issues.
Accordingly it is likely true that President Jokowi instructed the Police to cover up and to demolish totally this subversive embryo activity :
- The Business Syndicate of “Saracen” and its Brain Master.
- The Cyber organization concerns.
- The Sponsor, the User or the Customer of this business and their background interest
- The Political and Security Objective to be believed existing in this Phenomena.
- To cover up the other Syndicate which has the similar business activity of the Syndicate of “Saracen”
It is definitely President Jokowi to have been likely touched his sense of political and security feeling as one of his main mission to protect the national stability of this country. He believed the impact of this business activity is endangering the national unity. Accordingly definitely President Jokowi wants this dangerous activity should be firmly demolished and legally processed.
The Impact and the influence of Information.
The objective of the Government is definitely to prevent the spread out of hoax and hated statement among the society. The Government interest is definitely to maintain and to keep the strong unity among the Indonesian nation. For this purpose the government is trying seriously to prevent the society of consuming the hoax and hated speech.
Accordingly the essential problem of the case of the Syndicate of “Saracen” is to stop this kind of business activity to prevent the intended distribution of hoax, hated speech and false information among the society. The business activity of the Syndicate of “Saracen” is really unique and based on modern thinking in term of the idea and the operational management of this business. It is expected the activity of the Syndicate of “Saracen” is really based on business interest considering the development of the advertisement needed by the various economic business in the society. We could see it clearly in the Internet how is the special medicine to make a man becoming stronger in his intercourse with his wife is offered openly in the internet now. It is definitely the pornographic advertisement that should not be published.
However it is also expected the case of the Syndicate of Saracen is not the part of Psychological Warfare Operation of the Potential Enemy of the Country of Indonesia in its effort to disintegrate the unity of the People of Indonesia.
Referring to the speech of Commander of TNI General Gatot Nurmantyo in his oration in front of the Student of the University of Trisakti that it is apparently our country is surrounded by the potential enemies who want to control our national resources existing in all around the Country of Indonesia. One of the way to control the national resources in Indonesia is to provoke the rise of the regional fanaticism among the regional societies and the will to separate from the Republic of Indonesia supported by foreign power that are ready to move from various strategic places which have surrounded the country of Indonesia. Accordingly it is true the exclamation of President Jokowi hearing to the report on the Syndicate of “Saracen” just only said shortly “It is very terrible”.
The Counter Information is needed by the society.
Definitely the Government has to counter the circulation of hoax, hated speech and those wrong information among the society with correct and credible information.
Various Government is of the opinion that the Ministry of Information is needed to regularly inform the people what happened internationally and domestically and how should the respective Government to overcome the impact of the respective un-intended development. Unfortunately during wartime the Ministry of Information had changed to become the Ministry of Agitation and Propaganda to awake the Spirit of War. Also in the authoritarian Country the function of the Ministry of Information is for the agitation and propaganda of the One who is in power.
During the New Order Era the Ministry of Information under Minister Harmoko was unfortunately considered as the mean for the political agitation and propaganda to support personally President Soeharto. Definitely this is not true , because the New Order Government was working based on the National Guide Lines of the National Development Program (GBHN) decided and control by the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR).
However in the Reform Era to day the Ministry of Information was changed the scope of its function to become the Ministry for Communication and Information. The general interpretation of this scope of function is to establish the supervision on the implementation of information technology included Cyber Technology and to perform the Information Service for the Society.
Realizing this scope of function the Ministry of Communication and Information is likely enough to cope with the problem of the Business Syndicate of “Saracen”. However so far there was no any response of the Ministry of Communication and Information to the case of the Business Syndicate “Saracen” happened recently.
Accordingly in line with the case of “Saracen” Commission One of the House of Representative is likely reminding the Ministry of Communication and Information about the plan of the foundation of BSN (The National Cyber Body), as the important technical information infrastructure to control the activity of Cyber Communication in Indonesia.
Another idea as the additional mean for the information service of the Government it could be also likely to widen the mission of the Cabinet Secretary to be the Government Information Briefer who is regularly conveying the information briefing for the public on the national and international situation faced and responded by the Cabinet.
The very recent incidence between Indonesia and Malaysia, it is very urgent to be briefed the society what is the Indonesian Government position to prevent the circulation of hoax created by the third group to play off the Indonesian and Malaysian Countries.
The Information Management.
Definitely all the information concerning the activities of the Cabinet, also personally the activity of President Jokowi and all the Ministers in line with their respective jobs and activities are definitely important to be released directly because it will neutralize all hoax and false information spreading out in the society to discredit the Government.
Accordingly the regular briefing of the Cabinet Secretary as the Government Information Briefer is consider necessary. Definitely this agenda does not copy the New Order Government tradition but to brief people with correct information regularly is definitely necessary. The Cabinet Secretary should be assigned as the Regular Briefer after the Cabinet Meeting without waiting for the possible Cabinet reshuffle.
To face that kind of “Saracen” activity the Ministry of Communication and Information should urgently arrange all the necessary infrastructure to control the Cyber Information and Communication System activities developed in Indonesia.
*) Lieutenant General (Ret) Soedibyo, Political and Security Observer.