The Foundation of Presidential Working Unit for The Implementation of Pancasila Ideology
Based on President Decision No 54 of 2017, The Government decided to establish the Presidential Working Unit for the Implementation of Pancasila Ideology. The elaboration of the foundation of this Presidential Working Unit has not yet been released but it is likely to be intended as the modification of the Education on the Guidance to Adopt and to Implement Pancasila national Philosophy among the Indonesian society (P-4).
This information was released through the media on Thursday of June 1, 2017 on the same day when for the first time the ceremony to commemorate the historic moment when for first time the five principles of the national philosophy of the Independent Country of Indonesia called Pancasila was introduced by Ir Soekarno in the Special meeting of the Committee which was founded to design and to prepare the basic need of the foundation of the Independent Country of Indonesia, held on June 1, 1945. Whatever mistake of the Japanese invasion to the South East Asia but it was the historical fact on the beginning of August 1945 the Japanese Military Occupation in Jakarta asked Ir Soekarno to form a group of Indonesian leaders as the Indonesian Committee to discuss the preparation of the declaration of the Indonesian Independence. This group was founded by Ir Soekarno which are then called the group of the founding fathers of the Country of Indonesia.
In this historical Committee of the founding fathers of the Country of Indonesia Ir Soekarno delivered his speech about the national philosophy as the basic need of the Indonesian in running his independence country. In the speech presented on June 1, 1945 Ir Soekarno was introducing the five principles of the national philosophy of the Indonesian nation he has been inspired by the philosophic thinking of various Indonesian thinkers and philosopher.
In his speech Ir Soekarno told the audience that one expert called the attribute of those five principles of the national philosophy as Pancasila Philosophy. Likely based on this record the historical event was made by President Jokowi when for the first time the commemoration of the introducing of the attribute of Pancasila was held on June 1, 2017. The word Pancasila apparently is likely the holly word for the Indonesian to be raised when the unity of the Country of Indonesia is felt being in danger.
Though the word Pancasila is not mentioned in the Draft of the Constitution composed later by the Committee of 9 led by Ir Soekarno but those elaboration of five principles of the national philosophy are clearly adopted and stated on the Preambule (The Openness) of the first Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia which was declared on August 18, 1945 one day after the Independence of Indonesia was declared on August 17, 1945. This constitution was amended in 2002 to 2004 the Preambule was not changed. But all the articles are changed. Accordingly the amended Constitution valid now is permanently called The Constitution of The Republic of Indonesia of 1945.
The Government of the New Order under President Soeharto based on the national agenda to strengthen the strong understanding of the people of Indonesia to this five principles of the national philosophy and to implement it in all the Indonesian daily life, the Government hold officially and compulsorily the firm Education on the guidance of those five principles of the national Philosophy in the National Program for all the people of Indonesia. This national program was called The Education on the Guidance to adopt and to implement of the National Ideology of Pancasila among all the nation element both the Civilian and the Armed Forces members, the Police, the Students, the Government Officials, the business society, labors and all other Indonesian elements. Since then the word of Pancasila became the popular attribute of the Indonesian Ideology in running the Republic of Indonesia in his struggle to perform the goals of the Indonesian independence in line with the basic principles of all the religion, all the culture and respecting the regional custom of various races and tribes which are existing in Nusantara islands.
Unluckily the Reformed Generation Order since 1998 had stopped that important and essential national program, accusing the Compulsory Pancasila Education Program was just the political strategy of President Soeharto to strengthen his political power. More over the importance of the Science and Technology apparently has affected the grow of the weak charracter of the new generation to neglect and to kick away for understanding on the national history of the past as not important element of their life. Even Pancasila has been terribly forgotten. It was surprisingly many scholars were apparently do not remember what are those five principles of Pancasila. Unfortunately though the new program to socialize the so called Four Pillars of the Country of Indonesia that had been raised by the leaders of the Peoples Consultative Assembly (MPR) widely but no Government attention has been likely attracted.
The new generation definitely could not imagine how hard the old religious and the nationalist group of Indonesian had to fight against the communist group which will change the Pancasila Philosophy with the Marxist philosophy and the Leninist/Communist political doctrine in the years before 1965 and even after it.
The words radicalism and terrorism action were not new in the political history of Indonesia it were the political means of the Communist to disturb the peaceful life of the people and the emerge of the political dissatisfy to the government. However the communist radicalism and terrorism were not the essential danger for the Country of Indonesia, because without any law and regulation, TNI and the Police would have instantly worked to stop it. It is the TNI and Police doctrine that stresses the mission of TNI and Police are to curb the riot and the confuse happens in the society. However to strengthen the Pancasila philosophy as the essential resistance of the country to face the threat of Marxism, Leninism and Communism should be clearly needed the perfect law and regulation and planning for TNI joining to do that.
Accordingly to face the present situation the clear and permanent mission of TNI to support the program of the Government to strengthen the adoption of Pancasila national philosophy among the Indonesian society, should definitely be mentioned in revised Law No 15 of 2003 on The Eradication of the Terrorism. Definitely only because the establishment of KOPKAMTIB the war against the Communist could be won. But definitely KOPKAMTIB could not be founded now accordingly the authorized emergency authority for the Government to control the unintended situation that happened such as it now definitely it should be designed in the Law No 15 of 2003 being revised by the House of Representative now.
The New Dangerous Enemy.
It is definitely everybody knows the new dangerous enemy is likely coming and the only legal weapon that is available is the State Decision that forbid the Marxism, Leninism and Communism to be develop in Indonesia should be perfected that beside of those three actual danger of the Pancasila philosophy it is also other philosophy and ideology which are in contradiction to Pancasila Philosophy such the ISIS ideology are definitely also forbidden.
Realizing to the such situation definitely the national agenda and the continuous program to strengthen the understanding and the adoption of Pancasila among the Indonesian people especially among those young generation is very important and should not be neglected.
Accordingly though it has been late but hopefully the foundation of the Presidential Working Unit to strengthen the national Philosophy of Pancasila among the new generation is not too late
The stopping of radicalism and terrorism is not new in the national history definitely it has happened in the past when Indonesia was facing the effort of the Communist Party of Indonesia to develop Marxism,Leninism and Communism in Indonesia. Any possible radical and terrorist action of the Communist group instantly would have been curbed by TNI and the Police but definitely it is the main challenge for all elements of the Indonesia people respectively for should be able to strengthen their respective group against unintended influence from outside.
The communist terrorist action of Bandar Betsy in North Sumatera and the killing of a group of religious trainees who were praying in a mosque in East Jawa by the Communist People Youth were among the famous radical and terror actions of the Communist Party of Indonesia before 1965.
However definitely the main mission of TNI and the Police are not just to counter the radical and terror action of the Communist Party but to support the government program to strengthen the ideological resistance to counter the development of Marxism, Leninism and Communism among the Indonesian nation. This character does not definitely change accordingly the unchanged mission to curb the radical riot and terrorist action happened among the society and supporting the government to strengthen the ideological resistance among the society are never stopped.
And now another threat has been definitely faced in term of radical and terrorist action as their effort to destabilize the country and to make the vulnerable situation of Pancasila philosophy. Definitely terrorism happened recently was intended to damage the people trust to the Government to protect their security.
Also now the mission of TNI and the Police are not just to stop the radical and terror action of those group we are concerning now but definitely to support the government program to strengthen the ideological resistance among the society.
It is an idea to speed up the work of the Presidential Working Unit to strengthen the National philosophy of Pancasila among the society the National Organization to be designed against terrorism like BNPT to be re-organized and utilized as the Operational Sub Unit of the Presidential Working Unit to strengthen the national philosophy of Pancasila among those young religious generation, the followers of Religious Boarding School and other young religious group and organizations existing in the society.
Definitely the involvement of TNI in the program to stop radicalism and terrorism should not be necessary to be discussed in un-ended argumentation in the House of Representative. TNI is good for battle and also territorial mission. The territorial function of TNI is definitely important and useful to support the operational program of the Presidential Working Unit to Strengthen the national philosophy of Pancasila on the field.
*) Lieutenant General (Ret) Soedibyo, The Political and Security Observer.