Dynamics after the Second Round Jakarta Governor Election
The second round of voting result of governor election of DKI Jakarta has ended. Although there has been no official announcement from the KPUD of DKI Jakarta regarding the final recapitulation of vote counting, it is almost certain that candidate no. 3, Anies-Sandi won the election with a voice far enough away from candidate no. 2, Ahok-Djarot. Quick Count Results of a number of survey institutions such as PolMark Indonesia showed the acquisition of Anies-Sandi 57.56% while Ahok-Djarot 42.44%, SMRC Anies-Sandi 58.06% and Ahok-Djarot of 41.94% and LSI Itself released results that are not much different where Anies-Sandi get 57.67% leaving candidate Ahok-Djarot which only got 42.33% of the vote. The QC result is not far behind with the result of KPUD DKI Jakarta based on C1 form at 13,034 TPS where Anies-Sandi lead with 57.95% of votes leaving Ahok-Djarot 42.05%. Although the results of the vote count provide a fairly convincing picture of the results of Jakarta elections, people still have to wait for manual recapitulation to be announced by KPUD DKI Jakarta on May 4, 2017 later.
The result of the second round election of Jakarta itself is not too surprising when the Anies-Sandi managed to reap the vote beyond Ahok-Djarot. Since the first round of the couple Anies-Sandi indeed has shown an increasing trend of electability than other couples. In addition to the issue of programs that are considered attractive to the community such as One District One Center Entrepreneurships (OkeOce) One program to accelerate the real sector by providing various incentives for entrepreneurial activities and people housing program through the government’s support for people’s access to a decent housing with 0% housingownpayment Becomes a magnet for voters, the Anies-Sandi couples also get an electoral incentive from the declining popularity of Ahok-Djarot who suffered the problem because Ahok is entangled with lawsuits that are of concern to a wide audience. The combination of the personal qualities of the Anies-Sandi couple and the Success Team work finally delivered Anies-Sandi as the winner of the second round of elections.
Indeed, at first many people were concerned that the second round of elections would be colored by various issues both related to the technical implementation of the elections and the signals on socio-political exclusion involving SARA issues. However, thanks to the cooperation and professionalism of all stakeholders both in government and society, election has finally taken place successfully and securely without any significant disruption. This not only shows the credibility of the election stakeholders, but also proves that the people of DKI Jakarta have moved to maturity in politics as also indicated by the political maturity of candidate pairs competing in the elections.
Election results are not final because waiting for the official determination of KPUD DKI Jakarta. Potential problems can still occur either directly related to the elections such as disputes over vote counting results, as well as the excesses arising from political competition that impacts to the grassroots level, as well as legal cases that drag Basuki Tjahaja Purnama alias Ahok to the Green Table. Related to the potential dispute over vote count results, Law no. 8 Year 2015 on election, article 158 has set the conditions for the filing of election lawsuits that must meet the threshold of the defendants who can be sued to the Constitutional Court. In the election, there are four categories of conditions to file a dispute over election; firstly, the number of residents is less than or equal to 2 million, the difference is 2%; Second, the population of 2-6 million percentage of voice difference of 1.5%; Third, population of 6-12 million people voice difference of 1%; And fourth, the population of more than 12 million people then the difference of voice of 0.5%. Under these provisions, it appears that the temporary gap between the Anies-Sandi and the far-flung Ahok-Djarot will be difficult to qualify for a dispute over the vote count to the Constitutional Court.
The reality of thedifference vote between Anies-Sandi and Ahok-Djarot is apparently realized by the Success Team and the Ahok-Djarot candidate. In fact, the re-voting (PSU) held at TPS 01 Gambir, Central Jakarta and TPS 19 Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta Affecting the victory that has been gained by Anies-Sandi.Ahok-Djarot himself has congratulated on the victory of Anies-Sandi as well as urge to immediately cooperate and leave the atmosphere of elections competition to build Jakarta.Ahok-Djarot also expressed an indication not to take a lawsuit to The Court over the vote count results. The same note was also conveyed by Prasetyo, the head of supporters team Ahok-Dajrot who stated that his side had not yet thought to bring up the issue of the vote count to the Constitutional Court. The statement of Ahok-Djarot and his supporters is certainly a politically cool and conducive attitude to the effort to rebuild the necessary social and political harmony for the government under the leadership of the elected Governor and Vice Governor.
Legowo’s attitude from Ahok-Djarot and supporters teamis an important reference for all parties concerned to accept the results of elections legowo.Segresasi social that arise due to elite political competition must be immediately restored.Political communication between Paslon and Timsesnya that have run well must be transformed to the root Grass. All elements of DKI Jakarta society must be able to be returned in an inner atmosphere that is no longer fragmented and the spirit to cooperate without discrimination based on previous political choices. SARA issues that could color the elections should not be a factor that hinders the governance and development of DKI Jakarta. Diversity is a sociological fact of God’s grace that must be grateful and well managed so that it is not utilized by groups who want to block the interest of the community to build their area.
Potential problems that should be examined are the excesses of lawsuits that dragged Ahok on suspicion of blasphemy. The public prosecutor has sued Ahok with a 1 year imprisonment with a two-year probation period. According to the prosecutor, Ahok is proven legally and convincingly violating article 156 KHUP about the statement of hostility and hatred towards a group. Ahok’s actions are judged by the public prosecutor has caused public unrest and can cause misunderstanding among the people of Indonesia. The consequences of prosecutor’s demand with article 156 of the Criminal Code thus abort the allegations of religious blasphemy committed by Ahok which is the main issue in society. In addition, the 1 year imprisonment of a 2 year imprisonment also means that Ahok will never experience life behind bars if within 2 years the trial is not criminalized.
The development of the Ahok case has the potential to cause social vulnerability. Some communities have doubted the credibility of the judiciary, especially when the prosecutor has postponed the reading of the charges until April 20, 2017 or the day after the election of the Jakarta regional head election. In addition, the fall of the article on religious blasphemy will also be perceived as an attempt to protect Ahok from the legal snares that became a major issue in society. The issue of a sense of justice will be a concern considering the various cases that are identical with religious defamation almost entirely in the iron bars. It is therefore a challenge for law enforcers to restore public confidence in the credibility of the judiciary against the Ahok case. At the same time, mass mobilization must be muted in order to create an atmosphere conducive to restoring social harmony. This legal issue will lead to social and political excesses which is certainly a challenge for the elected Regional Head and Deputy Regional Head to be able to maintain social and political stability.
Escalating Campaign Promotion Realization
The elected governor and deputy governor had not started yet because Ahok-Djarot had to finish the few months of his reign. For Ahok-Dajrot, this short opportunity should be utilized to realize the remaining program while also laying a solid foundation that can be foothold and forwarded by his successor. This is important as an effective governance relay and development policy of DKI Jakarta sustainable. Pro-people program must be run and enhanced for the benefit of the citizens of DKI Jakarta.Berbagai development problems that had been hampered by the atmosphere of competition and hustle and bustle election DKI Jakarta should get back Serious attention and priority for all parties.
Meanwhile, for Anies-Sandi couples who will soon lead DKI Jakarta, a number of challenges have been in sight to be realized immediately. The campaign program is a political promise that must be fulfilled.Every development policy of the previous era of government that has been running well should not be abandoned and need to be improved again.Sedangkan new programs that emerge as an innovation should be implemented by still looking at the reality and urgency for the benefit of society DKI Jakarta. The issue of housing, the improvement of mass transportation facilities, public infrastructure, public services of the health and education sectors, economic development and welfare, and transparency of governance need to be a priority that must be run by the candidate Anies-Sandi.
The lack of harmony between the government and its stakeholders, especially the legislative of DKI Jakarta, should be a valuable lesson for the Anies-Sandi couple. Ineffective political communication between DKI Jakarta and DKI Jakarta Provincial Government certainly interferes with the effectiveness of government performance.Begitupula with synergy between DKI Jakarta government and central government Certainly need to be woven in harmony. As is known to the public, the government of DKI Jakarta and the Ministry of Home Affairs as the representation of the central government have been in an atmosphere of communication that does not support the synergy between the central and local governments related to the previous budget discussion of DKI Jakarta. It should be understood that the administration of DKI Jakarta is part of an indivisible national government system. Therefore, Anies-Sandi need to improve the synergy in governance future by knitting effective communication both with DKI Jakarta DPRD and central government. May again dominate the governance of DKI Jakarta under its new leader.
Anies-Sandi must be able to embrace all power in society without discriminating based on previous political affiliation. Thus, all Jakarta citizens can leave the atmosphere of political competition should turn to partnership and critical support for the new government. The whole power of society must take a role in guarding The realization of political promises during last campaign. Without public support, campaign promises will potentially be just a poor promise of realization. Therefore, the presence and participation of the people in the government and development of DKI Jakarta becomes very important to ensure that New Jakarta is Jakarta which is progressing its development in all areas with its happy inhabitants because it has access to decent and adequate public services.
*) Toas H, an observer of Indonesia’s strategic issues in LSISI Jakarta. Living in Jakarta.