Transformation of values of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution Brought to Parliament Qualified
Since the Member of Parliament inperiod2014-2019 sworn their oath, there has emerged critics who doubt the performance from the new legislators. In fact, although the composition of Parliament now dominated by 317 or 56% of new faces, and DPD own approximately 70% of new faces, not necessarily arouse optimistic hopes about the posture of parliament to ensure that the performance will be better than the previous period. It is hard to expect changes when lawmakers that appear to originate from a very liberal electoral mechanisms and transactional in the open proportional system in the midst of poor recruitment and cadres of political parties that are loaded with kinship, the oligarchs and rely on the support of political popularity as well as transactional costs alone. In that condition would be directly proportional to the characteristics and profile that will be dominated lawmaker’s politician, statesman and the poor attitude of relying on the popularity. The effects will be the weak performance of the parliament due to the poor quality of MPs who occupy seats in the House.
Concerns about the quality and performance of parliament are certainly very reasonable if it is associated with the experience of the previous period. In one aspect of the performance of such legislation, the House of Representatives 2009-2014 period, according to records Formappi can only complete 45% or 145 of 247 targets Bill (the Bill) into law. Indeed, the productivity of the legislative function to form the Act is not the only measure to assess the performance and quality of the parliament, there are other functions that are equally important to assess how its implementation as a function of budgeting (budgeting) and political oversight of government power (controlling). Budget is drawn parliament as the authoritative allocation of value will reflect how the alignments, whether to improve access for the public welfare or even more in favor of the interests of capital and the sheer power apparatus ?. Neither the supervisory powers of the government, is intended to streamline the functions of check and balances which reflect the aspirations of the community or just securing a narrow political interest groups ?
Productivity of legislative function is often a measure for functions that can be quantified and compared between the target and realization. However, caution is warranted in order not to get caught up in technical issues drafting the Act, and then the evaluation of the quality of the parliaments in the implementation of the legislative function must be also related with the quality of lawmaking in the perspective of ideology and the country’s Constitution. This is important because the Act is a reference to the power of government to carry out development agendas realize national interests and objectives, and should reflect the ideology and the country’s Constitution and does not end up in the hands of the Constitutional Court because it was sued by the community. Neither the budgeting and oversight functions which of course cannot be separated with the spirit embodied in the ideology and the country’s Constitution.
The issue of the quality of the parliament can not only be seen from downstream, but also an issue which is located upstream, which are how the political process in political parties recruit, recruit and nominate in public offices. The upstream issues will continue in the conversion mechanism of votes into seats of power or the so-called electoral adopt majority voting. The output downstream, a number of elected politicians who will perform the functions of legislation, budgeting and supervision. If the upstream problem is not corrected, it will certainly impact on the downstream which ultimately determine whether the poor performance of the Parliament. Parliament members elected without experience and mature provisioning of political parties, so served only will the opportunity to attend an orientation period glimpse of the task function only, and will henceforth be assumed that the entire elected politicians is deemed competent to perform its role as elected representatives.
In such circumstances, member of parliament have to deal with the real facts of political rivalry between the interests and ideals of each political party, the fragmentation between the authorities and opposition, as well as interaction with the various interest groups. In the midst of it, the MPs are then not only performs three important functions, but also carry out the mandate of Law No. 17 Year 2014 on the MPR, DPR, DPD and DPRD (Act MD3) to absorb the aspirations of the community, assessing the state administration and promotion of the four pillars of the nation and state, the Pancasila as the state ideology of the 1945 Constitution states, the Republic of Indonesia as a result of MPR decree on form state and national unity as the country’s motto.
Members of Parliament who also serves as a member of the Assembly to become agents of socialization ideology and constitution negara.Fungsi transformation of Pancasila as the state ideology in the New Order era is the government’s duty now taken over his role by parlemen.Jika New Order through upgrading pattern P4 BP7 with more emphasis on the function of indoctrination politics, now the parliament through the four pillars of socialization program of indoctrination into diseminasi.Meski changing patterns occur in different patterns, but both have a common target, ie society as an object of political ideology. It is the question, who then will perform the function of transformation, whether in the form of indoctrination, dissemination or whatever it’s called on the institutions of power at the state level, including the parliament itself ?. How could those who are in the country’s political superstructure to become agents of ideology while they are not necessarily experience the process of internalization of values and spirit that exists in Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution? The question becomes reasonable because it is well known, there are many forums or mechanisms that facilitate the transformation agenda of the state ideology for the candidates and MPs sendiri.Apalagi if it was associated with the product of laws and policies that are considered contrary to Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution.
Agenda to transform the value and spirit of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution to the Parliament, both individually and institutionally impartial should get a portion of the agenda of the socialization of the four pillars of national and state life to the community. Parliament is upstream of state policy, and will determine a country’s black-white journey. Ignoring the importance of building human resources qualified in parliament as well as handing the nation’s future and the country in uncertainty. Parliament quality is not only measured quantitatively from the implementation of the tasks and functions, but also qualitatively and substantive with reference values and spirit of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution could be they have the qualifications and skills of individuals in a particular field, but if it also underpinned by a strong understanding and belief against the state ideology? Because the conception of the quality of human resources must also questioning members of Parliament about the extent of internalization of the state ideology.
Being Character and Conduct of Parliament
Parliament is an arena of contestation of political interest among the various political forces who want to take a decisive role in the political country. Power of policy direction that is not only political elements in the country, but also a variety of agendas and foreign political forces interested in the Indonesia.Agenda and sectorial strengths domestic politics, whether it is political parties, the government and the political groups in the community may be a challenge for efforts to achieve the goals and objectives national. As well with foreign interests in Indonesia’s political history is often not in line with national interests. Experience has shown how foreign interests operate in the level of preparation and implementation of laws and government policies. Its main objective is to ensure a regulatory framework that is friendly and accommodating to the interests operating in that situation Indonesia. Parliament was subjected to penetration operation for operators of interests, including foreign interests.
Transformation of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution in the parliament should be the agenda of a systematic, institutionalized and socialization Agency MPR priority. The exist of scale that had been assigned to the four pillars of socialization to the public should be developed to take a role in transforming the framework of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution for MPs intensely , Neither the establishment of the Stabilization Work Unit Pancasila ideology which has been issued Presidential decree in order to take part in the upstream sector to develop cooperation with the political parties to transform the Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution in the recruitment and regeneration legislative candidates and public officials. This is important because the political system that we have adopted has put political parties as the main source of the country’s political superstructure in recruitment, especially of public office and the legislature.
Pancasila as the state ideology is state fundamental norm or basic norm which is the soul of the 1945 Constitution states, while the 1945 is a reference point for rules and regulations and legislation underneath. Transformation of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution to parliament a change agenda, directing and character development, character and political behavior of MPs in line and animated by the spirit and values of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution in this transformation is expected to not only form the character and behavior of power, but it can also become an ideological filter and cons of foreign interests that are not in line with the ideology and the country’s constitution.
The output of the transformation of Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution in the future is no longer a lot of laws that sued to Court because contrary to Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution, there is no policy or law that is more pro on foreign interests and harm the national interest. Spirit in Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution will also be moral and ethical standards for the behavior of individual MPs. So there is no longer a story about the abuse of power, corruption budget and lazy lawmakers convene being busy with personal affairs and its party. Beside the next parliament would be expected to be more effective as a tool for people to articulate their political aspirations agendas. Thus, parliament qualified sense is no longer limited set of politicians to effectively carry out its duties and functions, but also a collection of politicians representatives who understand the mandate ideological must be implemented in guarded the running power of the state towards the goals and ideals of national based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution.
*) Otjih Sewandarijatun, an alumnus of Udayana, Bali. Democracy activists at the Center of Strategic Intelligence Risk Assessment (Cersia), Jakarta.