The Job of Chief of BIN Will Be Transferred From Lieut. Gen. of TNI Sutiyoso to Comm.Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan

The Job of Chief of BIN Will Be Transferred From Lieut. Gen. of TNI  Sutiyoso to Comm.Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan
Kepala Badan Intelijen Negara (BIN) Jenderal Pol. Budi Gunawan (kiri) mendapat ucapan selamat dari mantan Kepala BIN Sutiyoso (kanan) usai upacara pelantikan di Istana Negara, Jakarta, Jumat (9/9). Presiden Joko Widodo melantik Kepala BIN Jenderal Pol. Budi Gunawan yang menggantikan Sutiyoso. ANTARA FOTO/Widodo S. Jusuf/Spt/16.

After uncertain situation has been lasting for a long period, it has been confirmed that President Jokowi has been sending an official proposal letter to the House of Representatives, requesting the House to make its evaluation concerning the private and official performance of Comm. Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan, in relation  to  Pres. Jokowi’s plan to install Comm.Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan as the Chief of BIN to replace Lieut.Gen.of TNI Soetiyoso.

Pres. Jokowi’s official proposal letter was  conveyed  to the Speaker of the House of Representatives  by Minister of State Secretary Pratikno on Friday September 2, 2016.

This writing is intended as an evaluation on the objective situation and condition of the country concerning  the National Development Program and  the Management of the National Defense and the Management of the Internal Security of the Country since the New Order period until now.

This  writing  is especially rejected  the conclusion that  said  Lieut. Gen. of TNI Soetiyoso  has been failure in his job as the Chief of BIN. This conclusion is not considered  as an objective evaluation,  analyzed  based on the implementation of the National Development and the Management to cope with the defense and security problems to have risen  in the country  presently,   point of view.

The Spreading Information and Issues.

Newspaper wrote on its publication: President Jokowi to submit Budi Gunawan as the candidate of Chief of BIN to the House. The Speakers of the House of Representatives have received  the proposal letter on the replacement of Chief of BIN from President Joko Widodo. Pres Jokowi propose  Comm. Gen of Pol Budi Gunawan, now  he is the Vice  Chief of Police  to lead BIN to replace  Lieut. Gen of TNI Sutiyoso. The proposal leter was conveyed by Minister of the State Secretary Pratikno, on Friday (2/9 2016) in the morning.

“So, for the job of the new Chief of BIN it is proposed the name, Mr Budi Gunawan. The further  process will be done  in the House, because there  should be the House ‘s consideration.” Pratikno said while he was in the House’s compound Senayan, Jakarta, Friday morning (2/9 2016). When he was asked  about the reason of the replacement, Pratikno said, it is just for the sake  of regeneration and there is no clear periodical  system (of changing) concerning the job of the  Chief of BIN.  And also when Pratikno was asked why Budi Gunawan is  proposed to become the Chief of BIN he answered

Based on Law No 17 of 2011 on Intelligence, Chief of BIN is installed and to be finished his term by the President after listening the House consideration. To install someone as the Chief of BIN, President has to propose one Candidate to the House of Representatives.

The House’s consideration has to be conveyed to the President at least 20 days after President submits  the proposal letter to the House. Officially, the House of Representatives does not give its approval or its  rejection to the proposal letter of the President, the House will just make its conclusion about the private and official performance of the Candidate of Chief of BIN and presented to the  President.

A number of spectacular internal security disturbances and political problem to have happened in the country during Lieut. Gen of TNI Soetiyoso’s  term as the Chief of BIN, among others were : Social disturbance in Tolikara, Papua on Juli 17, 2015  with hundred of houses belong to  the Islamic followers  were burned by the masses during the Idul Fitri day.

The social conflict  caused by the religious rivalry in the district of  Aceh Singkil, Aceh, when a number of churches were destroyed by the masses.

The attack of a suicide bomber in one of the street in Jakarta on the beginning of 2016. The target of the attack was a Police Station, but the attack failed.      This security disturbance was considered as the failure  of BIN, but the successful of  Senior Comm.of Pol Tito Karnavian to cope with the attack. Senior Comm of Pol Tito Karnavikan was the Chief of Police of Jakarta.

The riot in Tanjungbalai, the masses attacked and burned  a number of Vihara on July 2016, that was considrred as the failure of BIN  to anticipate the riot.

The political scandal of Archandra Tahar who is the American citizen, silently installed as the Minister of ESDM by Pres Jokowi. BIN was again considered as failure to detect this political scandal, causing the American citizen to be installed as the Indonesian Minister by the President.

The issue on the replacement of the Chief of BIN has raised since Pres Jokowi decided to install Gen. Pol. Tito Karnavian as the Chief of Police to replace Gen Pol (Ret) Hadrotin Haiti who enters the period of his retirement.

Comm. Gen Pol Budi Gunawan had been joining the fit and proper test in Commission III of the House of Representatives about last year as the Candidate of the Chief of Police but his candidacy failed.

The issue on the installment of Comm Gen Pol Budi Gunawan as Chief of BIN raised when apparently Pres. Jokowi did not install him as Chief of Police to replace Gen Pol (Ret) Hadrotin Haiti.

From the Personal Management point of view the installment of Comm. Gen. Pol.  Budi Gunawan as Chief of BIN  is just the management solution to save the career of Comm. Gen. Pol. Budi Gunawan. He does not start his professional career as an intelligence officer.

Unfortunately the radical situation of the country was increasing and public opinion were not satisfy to the work of BIN under the leadership of Lieut. Gen TNI Sutiyoso. BIN is considered to have failed to detect the radicalism. People tend to neglect that the radicalism has been increasing because there is no clear program of the government to counter it, radicalism could not be erased just through the intelligent detection. De-radicalism concept has been adopted but no clear program to have been made to materialize it.

Such kind of situation was likely to give chance to the Palace Lobby supporting Comm. Gen of Pol. Budi Gunawan to create the opinion saying that  Comm. Gen. of  Pol Budi Gunawan is the capable general for the job as the Chief of BIN  to replace Lieut Gen TNI Sutiyoso.

Silently Intelligence Community was unhappy BIN as the state professional function is utilized as the escaping job in the Personal Management just to save a career of someone. The appointment of  Comm. Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan is considered just to save the personal career of Comm. Gen. of Pol Budi Gunawan.

Commonly the Intelligence Community wishes BIN should be led by a professional intelligence officer, emerging from the defense sector. Historically Intelligent organization was started as a military function  transferred into the war unit in the second World War in Europe.

The Assessment,

The process of the sending of the Palace’s  letter on the plan of the Palace to install Comm. Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan as the Chief of BIN to replace Lieut. Gen. of TNI Soetiyoso, has been lasting for long period, it is indicating that Pres. Jokowi has been considering all the pro and con of the replacement of the Chief of BIN seriously, because Pres. Jokowi definitely does not wish to make another crucial political issue of this country after the Cabinet reshuffle a few months ago.

However so far the media has been spreading off the rumor on  the plan  of the installment of Comm. Gen of Pol.  Budi Gunawan as the Chief BIN to replace Lieut.  Gen.  of TNI Soetyoso was not based on any clear source.

It  tends  to be said un official analysts have been predicting a strong Palace lobby supporting Comm. Gen of Pol Budi Gunawan  has been successful to spread off the issue on the installment  in the various main stream media in this country . However another political issue seems to arise presently, namely a question :  is Comm. Gen of Pol. Budi Gunawan is the correct choice and capable enough for the job of Chief of BIN.

Pres. Jokowi has been as usual to keep silent to give no comment on this kind of issue and also all the important Palace’s guard, mainly the Minister of the State Secretary and Minister of the Cabinet Secretary using the same tone said, there is no information about the plan on the replacement of Chief of BIN.

Now the rumor has been definitely answered that the rumor on the installment of Comm. Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan is true, but people tend to analyze that Pres. Jokowi has been likely in doubt to finish Lieut. Gen of TNI Soetiyoso from his job without clear national mistake.

Lieut Gen of TNI Soetiyoso has sacrificed his prestigious job as the Chairman of the Indonesian Unity and Justice Party and politically declaring support to the Pres Jokowi’s Government. Though a number of local security disturbances had happened but definitely those were not the national mistake of the Chief of BIN. The failure of the national development program has definitely affected the present condition of the society presently.

The accidence of  Tolikara, Aceh Singkil, Tanjung Balai are definitely regional accidence based on classic element, namely SARA  (Tribe, Religion, Race and various groups in Indonesian society). SARA is classic elements existing in the Indonesian society and  everybody knows it and understand it that SARA could spark  at any time without clear reason and rational problem to become unexpected mass riot. Definitely SARA is not BIN’s  responsible to cope with  it. The control of SARA in term of avoiding it to spark into radicalism action are definitely the function of the various  Ministries such as the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Miistry of Religion, the Ministry of  Education, the Ministry of Law and  Human Right, The National Police and officially became the responsible of the Coordinating Ministry of Political, Law and  Security Affairs.

So why should BIN  to be described as the most responsible Government Official in all of the security disturbances to have happened in those various towns scattered all around the country, from Aceh Singkil in Aceh until Tolikara in Papua. BIN definitely is not the Security Guard which must watch all the  town in Indonesia within 24 hours  without stop every day. Everyday BIN element  of all around the country has been working hard, but all the problems to have happened intyhe society  should be solved cordially among various government branches under the coordination of the Regional Leaders, both the civilian Government  leaders and the Military or Police command.

So why did all those miserable accidence to have happened in Tolikara, Aceh Singkil, Tanjung Balai and other places are considered as BIN responsible. This question should be answered by the Coordinating Ministry of Political, Law  and  Security Affairs, as the highest Government Official dealing with the Internal Security Affairs nationally. The Coordinating Minister of Political, Law and Security Affairs  is the highest Minister authorizes to command and control all the national security problems  happens in  this country and he is responsible to  cope with any security disturbance may happen in the country. The Coordinating Minister for Political, Law, Human Right and Security Affairs is definitely the most responsible position in any security disturbance may happen anywhere in this country.

Now the  sensitive  issue is changing to become a question,  is it the right step of the President to dismiss Lieut. Gen of TNI Soetiyoso from his job because he has been considered as failure in doing his job as the Chief of BIN . Unfortunately the President or the Coordinating Minister of Political, Law, Human Right and Security Affairs never made any comment. As if the Coordinating Minister for Political, Law, Human Right and Sercurity Affairs is the one who can do no wrong.

From Comm. Gen. of Pol. Budi Gunawan point of view, before Pres Jokowi to make his decision people were saying, that  Comm. Gen. of Pol Budi Gunawan is the right man for the job of Chief of BIN , but now  tends to change becoming a crucial question :  is it the correct step to install a Police general to become  the Chief of BIN ? Is this crucial question to make Pres Jokowi looked likely  doubt in making the decision whether or not the installment of a Police General becoming the Chief of BIN is a correct step of the President. Once BIN was clearly lead by a Police general, Soetanto, but people tend to consider  it as an emergency situation after the country entering the Reform era without clear political concept.

Pres. Jokowi was to take more than one  month of uncertainty after the installment of Gen Pol Tito Karnavian becoming the  Chief of Police and the issue on the replacement of  Chief of BIN was appearing in some main stream news paper.

The political case of the replacement of the Chief of BIN from  Lieut. Gen of TNI Soetiyoso to Comm.Gen. of Pol Budi Gunawan likely needs an  objective clarification,  has Lieut. Gen of TNI Soetiyoso failed in his job as the Chief of BIN ? And is the decision to install Comm. Gen of the Pol Budi Gunawan as the Chief of BIN is the correct step of the President.

The Minister of State Secretary Pratikno said, there is no any special reason in the replacement of the Chief of BIN, but regeneration. People understand Minister of State Secretarty has no authority to talk about the background of this replacement and the regeneration is definitely just a political answer, because the regeneration is needed for the job of maybe the Commanding General of the  Army Area Command, the Army Resort Command or Battalion Commander, but not for job such as BIN which is needed enough experience and mature way of thinking.

Lieut Gen of TNI (Ret) Sutiyoso is not definitely weak and stupid general. He was one of the brave Commanders  of the Special  Force Units entering East Timor before East Timor Military Campaign in 1975 and two times to lead Jakarta in the period of the early days of the national development in Jakarta.

Maybe some people was trying to remember the Malari Accidence in 1974, when the Chief of BIN was sharply dismissed from his job because he was considered totally responsible to the failure of the Government to prevent  the eruption of the Student Demonstration during PM Tanaka of Japan visited Jakarta. There was no national dramatic situation happened during Lieut Gen of TNI (ret) Sutiyoso was in his job as Chief on BIN genuinely because of BIN failure. The Archandra political scandal was clearly to be involved the Chief of BIN.

The Conclusion of this assessment is the Chief of BIN in the case of Liet.GenTNI Sutiyoso, he is not the only government authority to be responsible  to the security disturbances to have happened in Tolikara(Papua), Aceh Singkil (Aceh), Tanjung Balai (North Sumatera), the attack of the suicide bomber  in the street of Jakarta and the case of Archandra Tahar the Minister of ESDM for 20 days.  The Coordinating Minister of Political, Law, Human Right and Security Affairs and other Government authority to have been also responsible to the accidence.

Recognizing  the political background of Liet.Gen  TNI Sutiyoso, earliar being the Chairman of the Indonesian Unity and Justice Party who declared to support President Jokowi, Lieut. Gen TNI Sutiyoso is believed would be invited to join the Government again soon.

In term of Comm. Gen Pol Budi Gunawan, the international situation with those new complicated political and military issue will become the professional examination or capability test concerning his new job and professionalism.

Conclusion

An intelligent  is definitely important to the national defense and security, however the capability of the Government apparatus to implement the State Development program in line with their respective mission and function are the main element of the national stability.

BIN definitely has accomplished his duty as the main intelligence organization of the country, however definitely the de-radicalism program  apparently has not yet done properly and radicalism is  still becoming serious problem in the national security.

An intelligent  detection is apparently important but the activities of  various Government branches  such as The Ministry of Home Affairs, The Ministry of Religion, The ministry of Youth and Sport,  The Ministry of Social and Justice, The Ministry of Economic Affairs, and other various Ministries are definitely the most important activities to establish the national security and stability.

The accidence of Tolikara, Aceh Singkil and Tanjungbalai were affected by the classic elements existing in the respective society, described as Tribe, Religion, Race and various interest group in the society or SARA. Intelligence is definitely important to watch the situation but the weakness  of various Government branches are the main reason of the riot happened in those region.

We  should realize that that those Ministries are responsible government institution to the development of those people and cordially to have also the responsibility to prevent any Tribes, Religion, Race and the various interest  groups existing in the society to become the seeds of the rivalry and conflict of  among interest groups in the society.

Political concept of managing the defense and security problems, during the New Order Period was the installment of the Command and Control of the Security, Peace  and Order (KOPKAMTIB)  but during the Reformation Era the mission and the function to manage the Political, Law, Human Right and Security Affairs is cordially managed  by the Coordinating Ministry of Political, Law, Human Right and Security Affairs. This powerful Government institution is definitely the most responsible institution in any security disturbance may happens in this country.

Both during the New Order Period and in the Reform Era Period it is clear BIN is not totally responsible on the security situation of the society, BIN was only the principle Staff  of KOPKAMTIB during the New Order Period and it is definitely the same function under The Coordinating Ministry of Political, Law, Human Right and Security Affairs, during the Reformation Era. BIN definitely has no command power to control the situation.

It is predicted Comm. Gen of Pol. Budi Gunawan as the new Chief of BIN will face unchanged international and national situation. In term of national security it is predicted radicalism will be permanently the main problem faced by BIN. Accordingly it is believed Comm. Gen of Pol Budi Gunawan will face the various defense and security  challenges  similar to the previous situation. Without significant changing in the implementation of the national development and the management of the defense and security,  Comm. Gen. of Pol Budi Gunawan will likely face the similar difficulty in doing his job as it has been faced by Lieut Gen of TNI (Ret) Sutiyoso.

*) Lieutenant General (Ret) Soedibyo, the Intelligence and Security Observer.

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